Recent Trends in US Agricultural Exports

The U.S. Exhibitions and Licensing Board allow the producer, shipper, exporter and importer to exhibit their agricultural exports during the Annual Meeting of the Board, which convenes in Washington, D.C. annually. The agricultural exports exhibit, U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the US Commercial Service (USC) and the US Farm Marketing Service (USFMS) exhibit all products for sale in the marketplace. The USDA sells livestock, poultry, fish, fruits, vegetables, fruits, plants, and meats through their National Organic Program, while the US Commercial Service distributes non-food exports, including detergents, sugar, electrical equipment and food additives through their National Organic Program. The US Farm Marketing Service distributes poultry feed and implements marketing programs through NOP.


The Annual Meeting of the board portals for nonprofits an opportunity for agricultural exporting organizations to present information on trade matters that affect the sales of their merchandise. Through this meeting, a number of issues pertaining to agricultural exports are discussed, such as issues concerning agricultural tariffs, agricultural subsidies, agricultural support programs, wildlife tariffs, citrus barriers, chlorine, genetically modified organisms, wheat barriers, ozone and tobacco policies, among others. Also, during the meeting, the board publishes tariff schedules that outline duties and fees for specified commodities. Tariff rates may change due to political or economic factors.

For example, the rate on Chinese vegetables may decrease as Chinese growth affects global food prices.


The USDA releases tariff schedules every six months, which indicates duty rates for specified commodities and/or subject to which rates the United States will impose on imports. Tariffs are scheduled to be effective one day after the publication date. Importers and exporters are notified through publications, handbills, catalogues, and by telephone and Internet alerts. Importers and exporters are also given specific notice period(s) within which to adjust tariff rates to match the new tariff schedule.


A complete description of each product is included, including detail of destination, price, grade (if appropriate), production period, and other details necessary for the preparation of the tariff schedule. The tariff table.1 agricultural products in the second page of the series also provides data on aggregate values for the previous four years.


The third page of the General Customs Series provides a list of agricultural products by the type, grade, and quantity. The fourth page provides additional duties, taxes, and subsidies on agricultural exports. Soybean exports are subject to additional duties under the Agreement between the United States and the European Union on trade in agricultural goods for agriculture and animal supplies. The fourth page provides the names of the administering authorities of the exporting nation and of the country of import. The agricultural products of the United States are required to have a stamp; the sixth page of the Series provides the definitions of agricultural export codes and rates.


Agricultural exports consist of the goods produced in the United States, and the corresponding goods being exported from the United States. There are two types of persons who may require a license to export goods to foreign merchants and non-immigrant entrepreneurs. Foreign merchants may require an EIP, or Employer Identification Program, while non-immigrant entrepreneurs may need an immigrant visa. The agricultural products may be exported only within the rules laid down by the US Department of Agriculture. There are no restrictions on the exports of agricultural products to the European Union.


 The sales of agricultural products have been consistently increasing over the last decade.

The most common products sold in the agricultural sector are soybeans, sugar beets, cotton, hops, tobacco, fruits, vegetables, hay, poultry, beef, pork, molasses, dairy, and cheese. The United States is the world’s largest exporter of sugar beets. Most countries in the European Union and other developed countries, including India, Malaysia, and China, import the sugar beets that are used in United States food industry. The United States Department of Agriculture sells sugar beets directly to the markets, or via the World Wide Web, while the European Union and other developed countries to buy from the United States and resell to the markets.


The United States has been the largest importer of petroleum in the world over the past few years. The decline in crude oil prices in the last year resulted in a negative impact on the United States gross domestic product (GDP) growth. However, the United States remains the world’s largest exporter of petroleum gases, as its exports of crude oil have significantly declined since 2021. In August, the United States exported a total of $MDL 8 billion, which is almost equal to the output of India and China. The United States has a major surplus in its gas supplies, which explains the continued increase in United States crude oil exports.